Healthcare and its types


Primary health care is the first level of communication between individuals and the health care system. It is usually provided by general practitioners, community health workers and other health professionals who are often referred to as primary care providers. Primary health care is essential for good health for all. It is a key component of universal health coverage (UHC), which aims to ensure that everyone has access to the good health services they need without suffering financial hardship.

The concept of health care Types of healthcare Healthcare goals Healthcare services Healthcare components
The concept of health care

Health care in Germany is mandatory and is provided through a variety of service providers in the public and private sectors. The German health care system is a combination of public and private health insurance, the latter covering about 70% of the population.

There are three main types of health insurance in Germany:

Public health insurance – this is mandatory for all working citizens and their families, as well as for anyone who does not work but still needs health insurance (such as students, trainees, and the unemployed). Public health insurance is funded by contributions from employees and employers, as well as from taxes.

Private health insurance – this is optional but is often taken by self-employed or who have jobs that do not provide public health insurance. Private health insurance companies are profitable companies, so premiums can be higher than public insurance.

Legal health insurance – this is a special form of public health insurance available to certain groups of people, such as civil servants .

The concept of healthcare

The concept of health care in Germany is based on the principle of “prevention before treatment”. This means that instead of waiting for people to get sick, the focus is on preventing the disease from happening in the first place. To this end, the government provides free or low-cost preventive health checks to all citizens. It also funds research into new ways to prevent and treat the disease.

Types of healthcare

Germany has a two-tier health care system: one for legal health insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung, or GVK and the other for private health insurance (Private Krankenversicherung, or PKV).

GVK covers about 90% of the population and is funded by mandatory contributions from employers and employees, as well as from general taxes. It covers a wide range of medical services, including hospital treatment, GP visits, prescriptions, and preventive care.

PKV is optional and covers the remaining 10% of the population. It is usually more expensive than GVK but provides greater flexibility in terms of which service providers you can use and the services that are covered.

Healthcare goals

Healthcare and its types
Healthcare and its types

The goal of health care is to ensure that all people have access to the medical care they need when they need it. This includes preventive care, routine examinations, and necessary treatments. It also includes emergency care for injured or sick people.

Health care services

Germany has a comprehensive multi-payment health care system with two main types of health insurance: legal health insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung, GVK) and private health insurance (Private Krankenversicherung, PKV).

GVK is mandatory for anyone with a regular income above a certain level (currently about 450 euros per month), while PKV is mandatory only for those with above-average incomes. Both systems rely on the principle of solidarity risk sharing, which means that everyone pays in the system according to their ability to pay, and then receives benefits based on their need.

Germany has about 110 different legal health insurance companies, all of whom are part of the same risk group. This means that they all have to provide the same basic level of coverage, although there is some difference in benefits and prices.

About 1,200 private health insurance is provided

Healthcare components

Germany’s healthcare system is a mixed public-private system. The federal government provides health insurance to the entire population, but patients have to pay a small combined amount for certain services such as doctor visits. Private health insurance is also available to those who want more coverage or access to private hospitals.


There are a number of different components of Germany’s health care system, including:

Hospitals – Both public and private hospitals are available, and the majority of Germans choose public hospitals.

Doctors – Patients can choose to see either a private or general doctor, with most choosing GPS.

Health insurance – All Germans are required to obtain health insurance, with the government providing basic coverage to all citizens. Private health insurance is also available.

Health care system

Germany has a comprehensive multi-payment health care system with two main types of health insurance:

Legal Health Insurance (SHI) – Mandatory insurance for workers, including part-time workers or the minimum wage, as well as unemployed students, trainees, retirees, and some other categories. SHI covers about 90% of the population.

Private Health Insurance (PHI) – Voluntary insurance for people who are not required to obtain SHI, such as self-employed persons or certain groups of high-income earners. PHI usually comes in higher premiums than SHI but also provides more flexible coverage and often better benefits. About 10% of the population has health information.

Nurse’s role in healthcare

The nurse is a healthcare professional trained to provide medic al care to patients in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare settings. Nurses work closely with doctors and other healthcare professionals to ensure patients have the best possible care. Nurses play a vital role in the health care system and are key members of the team that provides care to patients.

Health Care Development Plan

The Health Care Development Plan is a roadmap for the future of the health care system. It defines a vision of a system that responds to the needs of the people it serves and provides high-quality and affordable care. The plan sets out a number of goals and objectives to be achieved over the next five years. These include:

Improving access to care by expanding coverage and ensuring that all people have access to the services they need.

Improving the quality of care by focusing on safety, efficacy and patient-centered care.

Reduce costs by improving efficiency and enhancing value-based purchasing.

Building a skilled, diversified and culturally competent workforce.

Strengthening health information technology to better support decision-making and coordinate care.

A healthcare development plan is an important step in ensuring that the healthcare system meets the needs of the people it serves. It will help improve access to care, quality of care and efficiency.


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